Ohinemuri Regional History Journal 40, September 1996
WHERE DOES NETHERTON'S NAME COME FROM?
By C W Malcolm
During my eight years as headmaster of the Netherton School, I searched the history of the district. It is interesting that Captain James Cook with pinnace and longboat explored the river to that point before returning down stream to the ENDEAVOUR lying in the Firth which he named THAMES.
Captain Cook would not have known it as NETHERTON for that name was unknown in 1769. Its name was TE KOPURU and the first European settler changed it to NETHERTON, the place in England he had emigrated from. His reason for so doing was the confusion, particularly concerning the mails, with another Te Kopuru, north of Auckland.
Waihi Dredging Plant
The Waihi Dredging Plant has considerable cultural heritage significance. It was one of only two sites in the North Island where river dredging occurred. Tailings from gold batteries upstream were dredged from the river and reprocessed with cyanide to recover values still present. Much experimentation occurred at this plant, with the technological advancement of air agitation tanks patented worldwide from this site by C. F. Brown between 1902 to 1904. The plant ceased operation in 1910, when the then owners transferred operations to a very much larger plant at Mill Road, Paeroa.
The Ohinemuri Coal Field
Ohinemuri Coal Mines
From: the Daily Southern Cross, 15 March, 1875
The. following account of the coal deposits in the Ohinemuri district is extracted from the letter of the Thames Advertiser's correspondent, which appeared on Saturday last.
"A great deal has, from time to time, been said and written about the coal seams of Ohinemuri and it will, no doubt, be of interest to many of your readers to know something definite regarding them. As you are aware, there are several claimants for the coal of this district, and one of the parties, Messrs Hennelly and others, have for the last few days been engaged in making search. On Thursday morning, Mr. Hennelly, accompanied by Messrs. Wright and Bayldon, surveyors, Mr. Cashell, and Mr. Smith (one of the claimants of the prospectors' reserve), started for the creek on which the gold had been found. This creek runs down at the back of Takerei's house, midway between Mackaytown and Paeroa. The party returned to camp on Thursday night, and I am indebted to Mr. W. C. Wright for the following information regarding this coal:—
Tales of a Pioneer
Karangahake School and District 70th Jubilee 1889-1959
My Uncle, Bill Sorensen, used to tell us many tales of the early days. He was born in 1876, in a four-roomed cottage at the foot of Turner's Hill, but later his father built a six-roomed house which was pit-sawn from one large kauri tree. It was roofed with split wooden shingles. He and Bill Marsh went to the first Mackaytown School and Mr Sullivan, who later went to Paeroa as Headmaster, taught there. Daldy Williams ran a store and Post Office in an old hotel near the school.
Ohinemuri Regional History Journal 1, June 1964
By W.C. Kennedy, M.B.E., J.P.
It would be true to say that in 1875 more people were concerned about Ohinemuri's mining prospects than about its farming prospects. Yet there have always been people prepared to make great sacrifices in order to follow the lure of land-owning. Its meagre early rewards for long hours of hardship left the pioneer undaunted as he contemplated greater security for the generations that followed.